Community Based Vocational Instruction (CBVI) Work Based Learning

What's Required

Community Based Vocational Instruction or Work-Based Learning is an effective approach in delivering career and technical education and training to youth with disabilities. The CBVI/WBL approach provides these services in community workplace settings rather than in conventional school environments. Because CBVI/WBL activities take place in workplace settings, they must comply with the provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) administered through the U.S. Department of Labor and state labor laws.

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Amendments of 2004 and policy guidelines adopted by the U.S. Departments of Labor and Education encourage the operation of the CBVI/WBL programs. Amendments to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) require transition services planning and implementation for youth with disabilities; U.S. Departments of Labor and Education guidelines ensure that these services can be delivered in workplace settings according to the FLSA.

What We Do

Community Based Vocational Instruction (CBVI)

Community Based Vocational Instruction (CBVI) is designed to help students with low incidence disabilities acquire the vocational skills needed to obtain employment. Through the CBVI program, students have the opportunity to experience, perform, and develop meaningful vocational skills in a "real life" community environment. This type of Work Based Learning (WBL) provides students with intensive job coaching and multiple opportunities to generalize the skills taught in various community settings.

Participants in CBVI are matched with job training sites within the community that align with their individual interests and level of support needed.  The goal of the CBVI program is to allow students exposure and experience in work settings that will help them make good decisions about their future employment.

Participants in the program learn: 
To work in cooperative groups/teams 
To develop communication skills 
To use self-advocacy skills 
To develop employment related social skills 
To maintain attendance and punctuality skills 
To increase their self-awareness of career interests and abilities 
To use decision making skills 
To update their resume with new employment experiences

Referral Process

Students meet the following requirements to be considered for CBVI:

1. Be at least 16 years of age, classified as a junior or senior.

2. Have completed 9th and 10th grade STAAR-Alt 2 EOC tested subject area

3. Enrolled in Community Based Learning (CBI) or Structured Learning (SL) program

4. Have an active IEP in place

5. Currently on an Alternate curriculum

Campus Expectations for CBVI Referral:

1. Case Manager, Teacher, or Diagnostician contacts the CBVI Transition Specialist by email

2. Case Manager/Teacher completes the CBVI Referral Form

3. CBVI Transition Specialist will observe student in classroom/campus setting and retrieve referral

4. The CBVI Transition Specialist will contact the parent to discuss the referral and answer any questions.

5. CBVI Transition Specialist assesses if the student has developed appropriate readiness skills for off-campus CBVI program and makes recommendations for next steps

6. The CBVI will interview the student and complete Student Interview form.

7. The CBVI will interview the and parent and complete Parent Interview form. 

8. ARD is scheduled to discuss potential off-campus programming.  If ARD committee determines that CBVI is appropriate for student, the student is enrolled in program and indicated in the IEP document.

9. The CBVI Transition Specialist or VAC/Transition Program Lead must be a part of the ARD committee for any student placed into CBVI.

10. Job site selection is at the discretion of the CBVI Transition Specialist.

11. Once site is assigned, the parent and student will receive a copy of the CBVI Policies.  Prior to starting CBVI, the parent and student must return signed Acknowledgement of Receipt and Agreement to Comply with CBVI Policies form.

12. The students are evaluated weekly. The students receive grades for participation based on evaluations which measure specific work related behaviors and outcomes. This information is communicated to case managers for grading and credit accrual purposes. A job coach is assigned to each of the community sites to train students and maintain documentation of student performance. The CBVI Transition Specialist is assigned to oversee all faucets of the off campus components of CBVI. 

Student Expectations for Participation

As part of the training process, students participating in CBVI are required to adhere to certain policies as it relates to dress code, personal hygiene, behavior and health.  The purpose of these policies is to ensure that our students comply with the dress code policies of our job sites and to guarantee the student’s safety in the community. 

A.  Dress Code

1. Attire for training sites: polo shirt (color depends on assigned site), khaki pants or dark colored jeans and tennis shoes (preferably non-skid).

2. Employer issued shirts must be worn when student is working at site. 

3. Students may not wear sleeveless shirts, halters, or crop tops.

4. Students may not wear shorts, sweatpants, leggings, tights or warm-ups.                                 

5. Shoes must be closed in.  No sandals or open-toed shoes or high heels.

6. Shirts with pictorial or written messages which may be deemed offensive, religious or political in nature cannot be worn.

7. Clothing must be clean, wrinkle free and free of holes.

8. Pants must be worn at the waist with a belt.

9. Clothes must fit appropriately.

B.  Grooming Code

1. Hair should be clean, well-groomed and free of unnatural hair colors (blue, etc.)

2. Beards and mustaches should be neatly shaven and well groomed.

3. No excessive makeup.

4. Fingernails should be clean, trimmed and appropriate length for job site.

5. Student must be clean and wear deodorant.

C.  Behavior

1. Student must arrive at school on time.  If student is not at pick up location when bus arrives, they will not attend worksite for that day.

2. If a CBVI student will be absent on an assigned training day, the parent/ guardian must notify the CBVI Transition Specialist by 7:30 a.m.

3. Student must follow directions and cooperate with job coaches.

4. Student must not demonstrate physically violent behavior.

5. Use of profanity will not be tolerated.

D.  Health

1. Students will not be allowed to report to job site with a fever, symptoms of cold, flu or other illnesses.

2. If a student becomes ill while on a job site, the parent will be notified immediately and the student will be returned to home campus.

3. Parents of participants are required to provide medical emergency information upon student’s enrollment in CBVI Program.

Consequences for Failure to Comply with CBVI Policies

Failure to comply with the CBVI Program expectations will result in consequences.  The consequences will be determined based on the severity of the behavior/ violation.

A.    Consequences for less severe behaviors (noncompliance, defiance, dress code violations, profanity towards others, verbal abuse, grooming/ personal hygiene violations, etc.)

1. First offense: The student will conference with the assigned job coach.  The job coach will document the behavior and conference.

2. Second offense: The CBVI Transition Specialist will visit with the student to review the behavior expectations and student will receive a written warning.  The CBVI Transition Specialist will contact the parent to inform them of the infraction.

3. Third offense: The parent and campus will be notified and the student will be suspended from the job site for at least one day, no more than two consecutive days.

4. If the student repeats the violation a fourth time, a staffing and/or ARD will occur to determine if student will continue in CBVI.  Four violations could result in dismissal from CBVI.

B.    Consequences for more severe behaviors (violent outbursts, hitting of staff or students, possession of a weapon, theft, fighting, damage of property, inappropriate behaviors, etc.) 

1. First offense: The CBVI Transition Specialist will meet with the student and notify the parent of the offense.  The student will be suspended for the job site at least 2 days, no more than 3 days.  The CBVI Transition Specialist will notify the student’s campus of the incident and the campus will review to determine additional disciplinary action.

2. Second offense: The VAC/Transition Program Leader will contact the parent and the student’s assigned campus.  The student will be immediately removed from the job site.  The VAC/ Transition Program Leader will collaborate with the campus to schedule an ARD meeting to review student behavior. Two severe behavior violations could result in dismissal from CBVI.

C.    Consequences for excessive tardiness and/or absences from job site

1. If the student reports to campus late and misses the CBVI bus, he/she will not be allowed to

2. report to the job site on that day.  The CBVI Transition Specialist will notify the parent.

3. At the second occurrence the student will receive a written warning.  The CBVI Transition Specialist will contact the parent and a copy of the written warning will be sent home.

4. At the third occurrence, the student will be suspended from the job site for two days.  The CBVI Transition Specialist will notify the campus and request a conference with the parent.

5. At the fourth occurrence the VAC/ Transition Program Leader will request an ARD meeting to determine if student is eligible to remain in CBVI.


Program Expectations

1. Under NO circumstances should any student report to any job site to work without having an ARD first.  When students are removed from the campus that is considered a change in placement.  Any change in placement has to be documented in the IEP. 

2. The CBVI Transition Specialists will generate and maintain a monthly report of any changes in CBVI, including new students entering the program, changes in training sites, etc. on the CBVI Roster - Monitoring Spreadsheet. This is to be submitted weekly to the Transition Lead

3. Documentation is to be kept for each student by the job coach and CBVI Transition specialist. The data should include data regarding work skills progression, incidents, parent contact, etc.   

4. An Incident report is to be completed whenever a student is injured or a serious behavior incident occurs on a job site. The Transition Lead must be contacted who will provide guidance on next steps. When incidents occur, a parent contact must be made and this is to be documented on the student's contact log. 

Training Site Expectations

1. The student will be permitted to engage in training activities that are similar to those engaged in by employees of the business.

2. The student will receive the same consideration given to other employees with regard to safety, health and other general employment conditions.

3. The student will be regarded as a trainee and will not be expected to replace an existing employee.  The student will not be expected to be in attendance during any time that school is not in session.

4. Materials used by the job team will be replaced and/or repaired just as they are when used by other employees.

5. Work experiences of the student will be considered work-based learning/ training and no wages will be offered.

6. An attempt will be made to give at least a 2-week notice to the school if, for whatever reason, the employer no longer wishes to participate in the CBVI program.

7. The student is not guaranteed any offer of paid employment following the training period.

District’s Responsibility to Training Sites

1. School personnel will assume all responsibility for the training and supervision of the students unless other arrangements are agreed on by the employer, school, and parents or guardians.

2. School personnel will provide relevant information about the student to other employees and supervisors as requested or needed.

3. Spring ISD does not assume any legal liability for the negligent or intentional misconduct of any student participating in the program.  However, such negligent or intentional misconduct would become the liability of the adult student, parent, or guardian.

4. School personnel will coordinate and supervise student transportation to and from the training site.

5. School personnel will be responsible for evaluating the student’s performance and in communicating this information on a regular basis to relevant educational staff and parents.

6. School personnel will be available to meet with the employer and/or employees as needed to discuss any problems or changes that occur.

7. An attempt will be made to provide at least a 2-week notice if, for whatever reason, the student will no longer participate in CBVI at this location.

 If there are any questions regarding the above policies, please contact:


Chris Gereke

 VAC/ Transition Program Leader

(281) 891-6269

Adriana Rodiles-Alvarado

 CBVI Transition Specialist



Referral Process and IEP Forms
Additional Resources