Disability Categories

What's Required

Children must be assessed  in all areas related to the suspected disability, including if appropriate, health, vision, hearing, social and emotional status, general intelligence, academic performance, communicative status, and motor abilities. For a child to be eligible for services under IDEA, the child must qualify in one or more of the thirteen areas of disability as listed below 34 CFR 300.304(c)(4) and 20 USC 1414(b)(3)(B)  

What We Do

A child with a disability means a child evaluated as having an intellectual disability, a hearing impairment (including deafness), a speech or language impairment, a visual impairment  (including  blindness),  a  serious  emotional  disturbance  (emotional disturbance), an orthopedic impairment, autism, traumatic brain injury or other health impairment, a specific learning disability, deaf-blindness or multiple disabilities and who, because of this/these disability/disabilities, needs special education and related services.

If  a  child  is  determined,  through  an  appropriate  evaluation,  to  have  one  of  these disabilities, but only needs a related service and not special education, the child is not a child with a disability.

If the related service required by the child is considered special education rather than a related service under Texas standards, the child would be determined to be a child with a disability.

A student is eligible to participate in the Spring ISD special education program if the student meets age requirements and
  • has  a  visual  or  auditory  impairment  that  prevents  him/her  from  being adequately or safely educated in public school without the provision of special services or
  • has one or more of the following disabilities that prevents the student from being adequately or safely educated in public school without the provision of special services.
IDEA's disability terms and definitions guide how States in their own turn define disability and who is eligible for a free appropriate public education education under special education law. 

The disability categories are defined listed below:


Additional Resources